Homo Ludens? Learning and play in the language classroom
The stages of a lesson allow for a holistic approach to productive skills such as speaking
In a lesson with the objective of practicing speaking, there are typically the three stages of "pre", "while" and "post".
- the pre-stages allows us time to prepare learners for the final speaking task. The pre-stages often include some kind of reading or listening.
- The while-stage is the speaking task itself. It allows learners to actually practice speaking (or a specific feature of speaking/writing).
- The post-stages allow learners to get feedback on their performance and conclusion to the task. This often includes some reading or writing as well. Many speaking and writing lessons in coursebooks follow this kind of format.
Task Based Learning and Teaching Speaking
In Task-based language learning (TBLL), also known as task-based language teaching (TBLT) or task-based instruction (TBI), the focus of the lesson is on the use of authentic language and on asking students to do meaningful tasks using the target language. These tasks can include visiting a doctor, meeting friends for a coffee, solving a problem of some sort.
Feedback for these types of speaking lessons is based on task completion rather than on accuracy. For example, did the learner communicate successfully with customer services and organise for the package to be returned? TBLL is popular for developing fluency with key language features or vocabulary and building student confidence.
We speak more about speaking skills,language clarificaton and language practice in the TEFL Preparation Course
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How to Teach Speaking, by Scott Thornbury
“How to Teach Speaking will increase a teacher’s knowledge on this crucial subject and provide ideas to take and use in class.”
Communication Games, by Jill Hadfield
Elementary, Intermediate and Advanced Communications games are publications that are widely popular with many teachers worldwide. The books come with easily photocopiable materials and clear instructions for teachers. The perfect way to supplement and extend material in a lesson. The books are organised according to themes, topics, language function and of course, being in separate books, according to language complexity to suit different levels.
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